Mechanical ventilation is a supportive process in that we are aiming to treat the underlying cause of the patients problem whilst we support their lung function. Hopefully once the underlying problem is solved we can then take the patient off the ventilator.
Very basically then;
Normalise arterial blood gas:
Remove or reduce the patients work of breathing by unloading the respiratory muscles. We need to aim to do this in a synchronised manner.
Type I Respiratory failure- Hypoxeamic failure.
Type II Respiratory failure- Hypercapnic failure.
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